Butterfly Garden Plant Aristolochia macrophylla Dutchman’s Pipe
(Aristolochia macrophylla or Aristolochia durior)
Dutchman’s Pipe is the species of pipevine that is most often sold at the retail level. Native from West Virginia to Kentucky, Tennessee, and parts of Georgia, it has naturalized over much of the East Coast over the last century.
It is a showy vine that grows quickly but needs support such as a trellis, arbor, or fence. Although it will grow in sun, it will also thrive in woodland shade where many other plants will not.
Sharing Dutchman’s Pipe with other gardeners is not hard. Most gardeners have luck in creating new plants from cutting rooted shoots that appear at the base of the plant.
Read more about the use of Dutchmans Pipe for butterfly gardening in a reprint of an article from Butterfly Gardener magazine: Caterpillar Food Plant: Pipevine
Read more about Pipevine and extending the range of the Pipevine Swallowtail : The Pipe-dream Project
Importance as a butterfly nectar source:
Not a butterfly nectar source.
Importance as a caterpillar food source:
Dutchman’s Pipe is the primary food for Pipevine Swallowtail.
|USDA Hardiness Zone||4 to 8|
|Bloom Period||May to June|
|Bloom Color||Yellow, green, purple|
|Plant Height||Vine, 15 to 30 feet|
|Plant Spread||15 to 20 feet|
|Light Exposure||Sun to part shade|
Plant rating scale ranges from 0 to 3. Plants rating 3 are the most useful for butterfly gardens. For more details on the ratings, see Native Plant Ratings