Butterfly Garden Plant Aristolochia macrophylla Dutchman’s Pipe

Butterfly Garden Plants

Dutchman’s Pipe

(Aristolochia macrophylla or Aristolochia durior)

General Information
Cultural Requirements
Native Range
Plant Rating
Plant Reviews

General InformationNABA_DividerBar

Dutchmans Pipe growing on a sturdy trellis in New Jersey

Dutchmans Pipe growing on a sturdy trellis in New Jersey

Pipevine Swallowtail Caterpillar

Pipevine Swallowtail caterpillar on Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia macrophylla)

Dutchman’s Pipe is the species of pipevine that is most often sold at the retail level. Native from West Virginia to Kentucky, Tennessee, and parts of Georgia, it has naturalized over much of the East Coast over the last century.

It is a showy vine that grows quickly but needs support such as a trellis, arbor, or fence. Although it will grow in sun, it will also thrive in woodland shade where many other plants will not.

Sharing Dutchman’s Pipe with other gardeners is not hard. Most gardeners have luck in creating new plants from cutting rooted shoots that appear at the base of the plant.

Read more about the use of Dutchmans Pipe for butterfly gardening in a reprint of an article from Butterfly Gardener magazine: Caterpillar Food Plant: Pipevine

Read more about Pipevine and extending the range of the Pipevine Swallowtail : The Pipe-dream Project

Importance as a butterfly nectar source:
Not a butterfly nectar source.

Importance as a caterpillar food source:
Dutchman’s Pipe is the primary food for Pipevine Swallowtail.


Cultural RequirementsNABA_DividerBar

USDA Hardiness Zone 4 to 8
Bloom Period May to June
Bloom Color Yellow, green, purple
Plant Height Vine, 15 to 30 feet
Plant Spread 15 to 20 feet
Light Exposure Sun to part shade
Soil Moisture Medium
Animal/Disease Problems None


Native RangeNABA_DividerBar
Aristolochia macrophylla or Aristolochia durior







Plant RatingNABA_DividerBar
Plant rating scale ranges from 0 to 3. Plants rating 3 are the most useful for butterfly gardens. For more details on the ratings, see Native Plant Ratings

Garden Rating 2
Nectar Rating 0
Caterpillar Rating 3


Plant Reviews
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