Eastern Kansas Native Flowers for Butterfly Gardens

Native Flowers for Butterfly Gardens

in Eastern Kansas

Native flowers create beauty in a butterfly garden. At the same time, they provide food and nectar that are essential to helping butterflies thrive and reproduce.  The plants listed in the table below have been selected and rated by NABA members as important native flowering plants for butterfly gardening in Eastern Kansas.

A butterfly garden should contain plants that provide food for all stages of a butterfly’s life. Caterpillars require very specific plants for food and butterflies need nectar from flowers. Choosing a variety plants from the list below will increase the chances that butterflies commonly found in your area will be able to reproduce in your garden.

English Name Scientific Name Plant Type Caterpillar Food for:
Blue Wild Indigo Baptisia australis Perennial Orange Sulphur, Clouded Sulphur, Frosted Elfin, Hoary Edge Skipper, Wild Indigo Duskywing, Eastern Tailed-Blue
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Perennial Monarch
Firewheel Gaillarida pulchella Annual Nectar plant. Not a caterpillar food plant
Goatweed Croton capitatus Perennial Goatweed Leafwing, Gray Hairstreak
Golden Alexander Zizia aurea Perennial Black Swallowtail
Green Antelopehorn Milkweed Asclepias viridis Perennial Monarch
Mistflower Eupatorium coelestinum or Conoclinium coelestinum Perennial Nectar plant. Not a caterpillar food plant
Partridge Pea Chamaecrista fasciculata Perennial Cloudless Sulphur, Sleepy Orange, Little Yellow, Ceraunus Blue, Gray Hairstreak
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Perennial Monarch
Texas Toadflax Nuttallanthus texanus Annual Common Buckeye
Tropical Milkweed Asclepias curassavica Perennial Monarch
Turkey Tangle Fogfruit Phlya nodiflora Perennial Common Buckeye
Violet species Viola species Perennial Fritillary caterpillars are often divided into two groups; Greater and Lesser. The Greater Fritillary butterflies are larger and the caterpillars feed exclusively on violets. The Lesser Fritillary butterflies tend to be smaller in size and while they use
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Perennial Nectar plant. Not a caterpillar food plant