Northern New Jersey and New York City Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Butterfly Gardens
Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Butterfly Gardens
in Northern New Jersey and New York City
Native trees, shrubs, and vines provide structure and visual excitement in a butterfly garden. At the same time, they provide food and nectar that are essential to helping butterflies thrive and reproduce. The plants listed in the table below have been selected and rated by NABA members as important native trees, shrubs, and vines for butterfly gardening in the northern New Jersey/New York City area.
A butterfly garden should contain plants that provide food for all stages of a butterfly’s life. Caterpillars require very specific plants for food and butterflies need nectar from flowers. Choosing a variety plants from the list below will increase the chances that butterflies commonly found in your area will be able to reproduce in your garden.
|English Name||Scientific Name||Plant Type||Caterpillar Food for:|
|Black Cherry||Prunus serotina||Tree||Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-spotted Purple, Coral Hairstreak|
|Common Buttonbush||Cephalanthus occidentalis||Shrub||Nectar plant. Not a caterpillar food plant|
|Common Hackberry||Celtis occidentalis||Tree||Tawny Emperor, Hackberry Emperor, American Snout, Question Mark, Mourning Cloak|
|Dutchman’s Pipe||Aristolochia macrophylla or Aristolochia durior||Vine||Pipevine Swallowtail|
|Northern Spicebush||Lindera benzoin||Shrub||Spicebush Swallowtail|
|Paw Paw||Asimina triloba||Tree||Zebra Swallowtail|