Northern New Jersey and New York City Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Butterfly Gardens

Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Butterfly Gardens

in Northern New Jersey and New York City

Native trees, shrubs, and vines provide structure and visual excitement in a butterfly garden. At the same time, they provide food and nectar that are essential to helping butterflies thrive and reproduce.  The plants listed in the table below have been selected and rated by NABA members as important native trees, shrubs, and vines for butterfly gardening in the northern New Jersey/New York City area.

A butterfly garden should contain plants that provide food for all stages of a butterfly’s life. Caterpillars require very specific plants for food and butterflies need nectar from flowers. Choosing a variety plants from the list below will increase the chances that butterflies commonly found in your area will be able to reproduce in your garden.

English Name Scientific Name Plant Type Caterpillar Food for:
Black Cherry Prunus serotina Tree Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-spotted Purple, Coral Hairstreak
Common Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Shrub Nectar plant. Not a caterpillar food plant
Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Tree Tawny Emperor, Hackberry Emperor, American Snout, Question Mark, Mourning Cloak
Dutchman’s Pipe Aristolochia macrophylla or Aristolochia durior Vine Pipevine Swallowtail
Northern Spicebush Lindera benzoin Shrub Spicebush Swallowtail
Paw Paw Asimina triloba Tree Zebra Swallowtail

 

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